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Ostrava Zoo
Chitwan

Monika Ondrušová, Jiří Novák and Jana Pluháčková (authors of this article, Ostrava Zoo)
Kara Chirgwin and Monika Fiby (editors for ZooLex)

Published 07 Mar 2014

UP LOCATION:

Michálkovická 197, 710 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
Phone: 420 596 243 316
URL: http://www.zoo-ostrava.cz


UP KEY WORDS

Nepal, aquarium, mixed species, monkey, naturalistic, outdoor


UP ANIMALS:

Family:Species:Common Name:Capacity:
Mustelidae Aonyx cinerea Asian Small-Clawed Otter 1.1+offspring
Viverridae Arctictis binturong Binturong 1.1
Cobitidae Botia lohachata Pakistani louch 0.0.40
Notopteridae Chitala chitala Clown knifefish 0.0.7
Cyprinidae Crossocheilus langei Siamese algae eater 0.0.14
Cyprinidae Danio dangila Moustached danio 0.0.23
Cyprinidae Danio rerio Zebrafish 0.0.20
Cyprinidae Devario aequipinnatus Giant danio 0.0.9
Geomydidae Geoclemys hamiltonii Black pond turtle 0.0.5
Gyrinocheilidae Gyrinocheilus aymonieri Chinese algae eater 0.0.8
Mastacembelidae Mastacembelus armatus Zig-zag eel 0.0.2
Cyprinidae Pethia conchonius Rosy barb 6.0
Cyprinidae Pethia gelius Golden barb 0.0.10
Ambassidae Pseudambassis cf. baculis Himalayan glassy perchlet 0.0.40
Cyprinidae Rasbora daniconius Slender rasbora 0.0.30
Balitoridae Schistura corica Polk dotted louch 0.0.30
Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus entellus Hanuman Langur 1.8+offspring
Ursidae Ursus thibetanus Asian Black Bear 1.1


UP AWARDS:

  • 2011 White elephant - 2nd place in category “Best new exposition within UCSZOO”

UP DESCRIPTION:

The whole complex of enclosures called Chitwan is a long awaited replacement of outdated facilites for species that the zoo continues to keep. It replaces the old unsuitable concrete enclosures from the 1960s and was designed for the needs of animal breeding in modern zoological gardens. The exposition is named after the oldest national park in Nepal, where most of the animal species from this facility live or used to live in the past.

The size of the outdoor enclosure for bears and langurs allows five viewing points along the fence. Animals can use an area of almost 1,4 ha of full-grown wood with several water sources. Visitors can enjoy the views of animals in landscapes similar to their natural habitat.

In addition to bears and langurs, visitors can see small-clawed otters (Aonyx cinerea) and binturongs (Arctictis binturong) in a neighbouring separate enclosure. Two large (6 000 litres and 8 000 litres) fresh water aquaria presenting Nepalese river fish species can be found at the main roofed viewing point. The aquarium is developing, thus the species and their numbers may change slightly over time, particularly in the Narayani river pool aquarium.

The Kali Gandaki (a fierce river) aquarium has a huge number of stones without plants and with quick stream of water. At the time of presenting this exhibit there are middle size zig-zag eels (Mastacembelus armatus) and up to one meter long clown knifefish (Chitala chytala), a large predator fish species. These are accompanied by endangered (categorized as vulnerable) black pond turtles (Geoclemys hamiltonii). Siamese (Crossocheilus langei) and Chinese (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri) algae eaters (two species not native to Nepal) help to fight algae.

In the Narayani (river pool) aquarium, visitors can see a completely different world below the surface, with plenty of green plants and tree roots and numberless tiny, colourful fish in big shoal. Very common fish species are presented next to almost unknown ones, such as Golden barb (Pethia gelius), Rosy barb (Pethia conchonius), slender rasbora (Rasbora daniconius), giant danio (Devario aequipinnatus), moustached danio (Danio dangila), zebrafish (Danio rerio), Polk dotted louch (Schistura corica), Pakistani louch (Botia lohachata), Himalayan glassy perchlet (Pseudambassis cf. baculis). Siamese algae eaters (Crossocheilus langei, not native to Nepal) here also help with fighting algae.


 

UP SIZE:

The total area of the exhibit is 17 190 m².

Space allocation in square meters:

Use:Indoors:Outdoors:Total Exhibit:
  accessibletotalaccessibletotal 
animals10512,50712,612
visitors195195391391586
others3443,6483,992
total64416,54617,190

 

UP COSTS:

CZK 66,619,000


 

UP OPENING DATE:

9 October 2010
 

UP DESIGN:

Beginning: 2005

  • Designer: Atelier GHM Ing. Jiří Dybalík, Opava, Czech Republic
  • Concept: Ostrava Zoo staff,

UP CONSTRUCTION:

Beginning: November 2008

  • Aquaria: Akvária Farda, Odry, Czech republic
  • General contractor: Bytostav Poruba, a.s., Ostrava, Czech Republic
  • Project management: V&V stavební a statistická kancelář, s.r.o., Ostrava, Czech Republic

UP LOCAL CONDITIONS:

walter.gif This is a climatic diagram for the closest weather station.

 

UP PLANTS:

No special plants were added. We included the original wood and plants growing on the site.

The plant list specifies the Latin names of the plants used for this exhibit.


UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO ANIMALS:

The outdoor enclosure for bears and Hanuman langurs is 1,3 ha with plenty of trees and several water areas. The bears have three indoor dens. In case langurs would enter these dens by mistake, they are equipped with escape tunnels large enough only for langurs. The indoor enclosure for Hanuman langurs is equipped with shelves and tree trunks for resting.

Asian small-clawed otters and binturongs have water pools both outside and inside. The inside den is equipped with heated areas, boxes and trees for climbing. Binturongs can either spend their time inside with the otters or move to another adjacent indoor enclosure.

Animals are allowed to spend as much time outside as possible, with respect to the temperature.


 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO KEEPERS:

A keeper kitchen is included in the facility. A safe room is provided for keepers in case bears would get out of their indoor dens. This room is equipped with safety doors, phone and escape opening in the roof. The animal area is separated from the keepers area by massive bars.


 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO VISITORS:

There are five viewing points along the outdoor enclosure of bears and langurs for observing the animals in their naturalistic habitat. All the viewing points are designed so that there is no visual barrier between animals and visitors. The main viewing point has glass as the only barrier. The animals often come very close, creating the illusion of possible direct contact and providing the rare opportunity of a close-up view. This area is equipped with several benches.

The main roofed viewing point is equipped with toilets (including those for handicapped people). The outdoor area in front of the facility has a children´s playground.


 

UP INTERPRETATION:

Chitwan exhibits mammals living in Nepal in the shadow of more popular animal stars – Indian rhinos and tigers. The huge roofed viewing point into the main outdoor enclosure is equipped with educational boards informing the visitors about the problem of bear farms in Asia. Regular keeper talks are held at both, the bear and the langur exhibit, as well as at the otter and binturong one.

The transparent bodies of Himalayan glassy perchlets allow children to study fish anatomy on live fish, through the glass of the aquarium.


 

UP MANAGEMENT:

The fence along the large outdoor exhibit is checked every day by keepers, including the electric fence attached. Once a year, grass, growing over the lower part of the electric fence, is removed. The facility is serviced by keepers three times a day. If langurs by mistake enter the bear indoor facility, there are escape tunnels prepared for them to get safe to their own inside part. There are three indoor enclosures for bears and three indoor enclosures for langurs, one of them serving as possible separating (quarantine) enclosure.


 

UP RESEARCH:


 

UP CONSERVATION:

Asiatic black bear, Binturongs and Hanuman langurs are managed as ESB.


 

UP LOCAL RESOURCES:


Overview

Overview

© Ostrava Zoo, 2013


 

Site Plan

Site Plan

© Ostrava Zoo, 2013


 

Hanuman langur

Hanuman langur

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Langurs and Asiatic black bears

2. Langurs and Asiatic black bears

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Small-clawed otters

3. Small-clawed otters

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

View from one of the viewing points

4. View from one of the viewing points

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Playground

5. Playground

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Keeper talk

6. Keeper talk

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Viewing point

7. Viewing point

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Roofed viewing point

8. Roofed viewing point

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Hanuman langurs in the trees

9. Hanuman langurs in the trees

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Enjoying one of the water areas

10. Enjoying one of the water areas

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Asiatic black bears den

11. Asiatic black bears den

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Asiatic black bear's den

12. Asiatic black bear's den

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Kitchen

13. Kitchen

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Hanuman langur indoor enclosure

14. Hanuman langur indoor enclosure

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Shift tunnel for Hanuman langurs

15. Shift tunnel for Hanuman langurs

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Hanuman langurs indoor enclosure

16. Hanuman langurs indoor enclosure

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Kali Gandaki aquarium

17. Kali Gandaki aquarium

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Both aquaria in the roofed viewing point

18. Both aquaria in the roofed viewing point

© Ostrava Zoo, Ondřej Hruška, 2013


 

Clown knifefish in the Kali Gandaki aquarium

19. Clown knifefish in the Kali Gandaki aquarium

© Ostrava Zoo, Ondřej Hruška, 2013


 

Narayani aquarium

20. Narayani aquarium

© Ostrava Zoo, Ondřej Hruška, 2013


 

Enclosure for small-clawed otter and binturong

21. Enclosure for small-clawed otter and binturong

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Enclosure for small-clawed otter and binturong

22. Enclosure for small-clawed otter and binturong

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Binturong

23. Binturong

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Otters

24. Otters

© Ostrava Zoo, Pavel Vlček, 2013


 

Perspective Drawing

25. Perspective Drawing

© Ostrava Zoo, 2013