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null.gifLOCATIONKEY WORDSANIMALSAWARDSnull.gifDESCRIPTIONSIZECOSTSOPENING DATEnull.gifDESIGNCONSTRUCTIONLOCAL CONDITIONSPLANTSnull.gifFEATURES ANIMALSFEATURES KEEPERSFEATURES VISITORSINTERPRETATIONnull.gifRESEARCHMANAGEMENTCONSERVATIONLOCAL RESOURCESnull.gif
 
 
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Zoo Krefeld

PenguinPool

Jonas Homburg (Author for ZooLex)
Monika Fiby (Editor for ZooLex)
Published 2017-9-20
deutsch

 

UP LOCATION:

Uerdinger Straße 377 , 47800 Krefeld , Germany
Phone: +49-2151-9552-0
Fax: +49 - 2151 - 95 52-33
URL: http://www.zookrefeld.de


UP KEY WORDS:


UP ANIMALS:

Family:Species:Common Name:Capacity:
AnatidaeAnas cyanopteraCinnamon teal5,0
AnatidaeCallonetta leucophrysRinged teal5,0
SpheniscidaeSpheniscus humboldtiHumboldt penguin10,10
SternidaeLarosterna incaInca tern15


UP AWARDS:

    2016 'Beaver' by the German Professional Association of Zoo Keepers


UP DESCRIPTION:

The exhibit for Humboldt penguins replaces a former penguin enclosure in the same area that was no longer suitable for keeping and presenting this species. The new exhibit is located in front of the zoo’s rainforest hall and fits its South America theme.

The walk-through exhibit is covered by a net. The outer exhibit barrier is made of small grid woven wire mesh. The back wall is designed with artificial rock resembling the rock structures in the penguins’ natural habitat. Nesting holes for the penguins and Inca terns are built in the rocks. Large natural stones are placed in the exhibit and in the visitor area.

The front of the exhibit is dominated by the planted land surface and includes a stream. On the right of the visitor path, there are the nesting holes in the back wall. Further back, the water basin extends along the left side of the path up to the fence with built-in underwater viewing windows.
 

UP SIZE:

The overall enclosure is about 1000m², thereof 250m² water surface and 750m² of land area that the visitors can partially access.

Space allocation in square meters:

useindoorsoutdoors     total exhibit    
accessible     total     accessible     total    
animals1,0001,0001,000
visitors
others
total1,0001,000

 

UP COSTS:

€ 630,000

The exhibit was funded by the Friends of the Zoo Association. One third of the construction process was carried out by zoo staff.
 

UP OPENING DATE:

April 2014
 

UP DESIGN:

Beginning:

  • n/a:

UP CONSTRUCTION:

Beginning:

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UP LOCAL CONDITIONS:

walter.gif This is a climatic diagram for the closest weather station.

 

UP PLANTS:

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UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO ANIMALS:

A 250m² large water basin with varying depths and several stream jets is available for the penguins. The complete land area including the visitor path can be accessed by the animals. The birds can swim or dive underneath the visitor bridge to reach their nesting holes on the other side of the path. The wooden nesting boxes are integrated in the rock wall so that they are well-ventilated and dry quickly. Nesting places for the terns are mounted higher on the wall so the penguins cannot reach them. They can also breed undisturbed in the indoor area.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO KEEPERS:

The keepers can open the nesting boxes from outside the exhibit. A ladder is needed for the elevated nests of the terns.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO VISITORS:

The visitors can enter the exhibit through a double door system. The path has guide ropes on both sides and leads along the artificial rock wall across the penguins’ land area so the animals can be observed from a close distance. A wooden bridge crosses the water basin. In front of the South America house, there is a sheltered area with a bench. Here, visitors also have views into a large aquarium inside the house.

The visitor area is lowered in front of a large panorama window by two stairs. From this place outside the aviary, the birds can be seen swimming.
 

UP INTERPRETATION:

The species kept in the exhibit are presented on individual signs. Large panels give information on the penguins’ adaptions to their aquatic lifestyle, their role in the marine food web, the breeding behavior, the conservation efforts for the Humboldt penguin and the function of the reed filtration system. The visitors can get to know the penguins of the world in size comparison based on models of the different species.
 

UP MANAGEMENT:

To give the animals times of quiet, the exhibit can only be entered by visitors between 11 am and 4 pm.

The water basin is cleaned from large algae by voluntary divers once a week (particularly during summer).

Water jets 20 to 40 cm below the water surface are activated several times during the day. They channel surface particles to the spillway and suspended particles to the floor drain in the middle of the pool. The floor drain can be manually opened by the keepers. During long lasting low winter temperatures the jets prevent freezing of the water surface by swirling the water. The penguins like to swim with and against the flow that the jets create.
 

UP RESEARCH:


 

UP CONSERVATION:

Krefeld zoo participates in the European conservation breeding programs for Humboldt penguin and Inca tern. The zoo also supports the Sphenisco organization – Save the Humboldt penguin.

The water from the penguin basin is ecologically cleaned by a reed filtration system next to the exit of the South America house and additionally disinfected by ozone.
 

UP LOCAL RESOURCES:


over_t.jpg
361K + description575K
Overview
©Zoo Krefeld, 2016

 
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105K166K
Site Plan
©Jörg Kieselstein, 2015

 
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76K109K
Humboldt penguin (1)
©Vera Gorissen, 2014

 
0_t.jpg
71K99K
Path leading to the exhibit (2)
©Jonas Homburg, 2015

 
1_t.jpg
69K + description102K
Penguin exhibit (3)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
2_t.jpg
66K + description99K
Double door system (4)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
3_t.jpg
71K + description102K
View into the exhibit (5)
©Jonas Homburg, 2015

 
4_t.jpg
65K + description99K
Stream (6)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
5_t.jpg
68K + description99K
Breeding places (7)
©Jonas Homburg, 2015

 
6_t.jpg
69K + description101K
Nesting holes (8)
©Jonas Homburg, 2015

 
7_t.jpg
67K + description97K
Inca tern (9)
©Jonas Homburg, 2015

 
8_t.jpg
74K + description102K
Ringed teal (10)
©Jonas Homburg, 2015

 
21_t.jpg
97K139K
Humboldt penguins (11)
©Vera Gorissen, 2014

 
9_t.jpg
70K + description101K
Water basin (12)
©Jonas Homburg, 2015

 
10_t.jpg
68K + description99K
View from the shelter (13)
©Jonas Homburg, 2015

 
11_t.jpg
70K + description102K
View into the South America house (14)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
12_t.jpg
69K100K
Underwater view (15)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
13_t.jpg
70K + description100K
Signage (16)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
14_t.jpg
70K + description100K
Information board (17)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
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68K + description102K
Pinguin models (18)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
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Breeding holes (19)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
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64K + description93K
Nesting boxes (20)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
18_t.jpg
73K103K
Look into one nesting hole (21)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
19_t.jpg
69K + description103K
Indoor enclosure (22)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 
20_t.jpg
67K + description102K
Reed filtration system (23)
©Steven Zschau, 2015

 

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You are visitor number 3115 to this exhibit presentation.


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