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null.gifLOCATIONKEY WORDSANIMALSAWARDSnull.gifDESCRIPTIONSIZECOSTSOPENING DATEnull.gifDESIGNCONSTRUCTIONLOCAL CONDITIONSPLANTSnull.gifFEATURES ANIMALSFEATURES KEEPERSFEATURES VISITORSINTERPRETATIONnull.gifRESEARCHMANAGEMENTCONSERVATIONLOCAL RESOURCESnull.gif
 
 
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Zoo Salzburg

African Savannah: White Rhinos

Monika Fiby (author)
Leopold Slotta-Bachmayr (editor)
Carlyn Worstell (translation)
Published 2002-12-10
deutsch , espaƱol

 

UP LOCATION:

A-5081 Anif , Austria
Phone: +43-662-820176
Fax: 820176-6
URL: http://www.salzburg-zoo.at


UP KEY WORDS:

breeding, mixed species


UP ANIMALS:

Family:Species:Common Name:Capacity:
EquidaeEquus grevyiGrevy's Zebra3 +
LemurinaeLemur cattaLemur
OryginiOryx gazellaOryx Antelope2 +
ReduncinaeCobus lecheLitschi Waterbok5 +
RhinocerotidaeCeratotherium simumSouthern White Rhino2.3 +
TestudinidaeGeochelone sulcataAfrican Spurred Tortoise5


UP DESCRIPTION:

The African Savannah was built in 1991. It included a large exhibit for mixed species, a separate outdoor enclosure for rhinoceros and a rhinoceros barn with visitor access. In 2001 the mixed-species exhibit was expanded by a third and a second holding building (off-exhibit) with an outdoor enclosure for rhinos was erected. By having two holding buildings, Zoo Salzburg can keep five white rhinoceroses and their offspring. Rhinoceros are exhibited both in their separate enclosures and in the adjacent mixed-species savannah. Additional to the rhinoceros, antelopes and waterbock are exhibited in the savannah to give the impression of an African savannah. A group of lemurs lives in each of the rhinceros buildings using it during the night and in winter. Otherwise they roam freely in the outdoor enclosure. The indoor rhinoceros exhibit also houses tortoises, that have a small adjacent yard, where visitors can get in touch with them.
 

UP SIZE:

The savannah area occupies 10,217 m2. In addition, there are two outdoor exhibits for only rhinos at 1,081 and 578 m2. There is also an off-exhibit yard for rhinos at 287 m2. The indoor rhino exhibit is 188 m2 and a second barn for holding rhinos (off-exhibit) is 114 m2. There is a 48 m2 barn and 67 m2 yard for hoofstock on the savannah.

Space allocation in square meters:

useindoorsoutdoors     total exhibit    
accessible     total     accessible     total    
animals23012,83313,44213,672
visitors702,6622,6622,732
others5050
total35016,10416,454

 

UP COSTS:

EUR 800,000 including -1 % for design.

The original savannah (1991) cost 619,000 EUR and the savannah expansion (2001) cost 181,000 EUR.
 

UP OPENING DATE:

October 1991
 

UP DESIGN:

Beginning: November 1990

  • Design: DI Reiss, Salzburg, Austria
  • Design: Zoo Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria

UP CONSTRUCTION:

Beginning: February 1991


UP LOCAL CONDITIONS:

walter.gif This is a climatic diagram for the closest weather station.

 

UP PLANTS:

Existing natural vegetation and native plants.

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO ANIMALS:

Large boulders and logs in the rhino areas can be moved around and manipulated by the animals, which helps them develop their horns. A water pond is provided in the larger rhino exhibit while the rhinos are able to build their own mud holes on the savannah. Both barns are heated.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO KEEPERS:

Two barns and three outdoor enclosures (in addition to the savannah) dedicated to rhinos allow for a lot of flexibility in moving and holding animals. This is in fact necessary since the zoo has two bulls that cannot be kept together. The newer barn is specially designed for treating rhinos (collection of semen, artificial insemination)and is used in the zoo's breeding program. Shoulder-high poles surround areas where the keeper has to stand in the exhibit (i.e. to open and close gates) to protect the keeper from the strong animals. A ring of stones in the savannah performs the same function for keepers. Here they give demonstrations on animal skin care for visitors. Small holes in the rock wall beside one of the rhino yards allow the vet to shoot an immunization gun at an animal from outside the enclosure, if necessary.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO VISITORS:

Barriers into the savannah are very discreet, as are the barns - grass roofs make the buildings blend in to the landscape. When the tortoises are outdoors, visitors can touch them. The path around the savannah is shady.
 

UP INTERPRETATION:

A number of installations help visitors understand rhino research projects. On several panels visitors learn about measures necessary to conserve rhinos. A video shows an artificial insemination of a rhino. A game teaches how to differentiate between individual rhinos by recognizing the specific patterns of lips and horns of each animal. A rhino skeleton tells the story of illegal rhino poaching.
 

UP MANAGEMENT:

The new holding building provides veterinarians with optimal conditions for their research. Each animal is fed in its own barn to avoid competition for food. The number of rhinos on the savannah is varied depending on weather conditions, with less animals in wet weather conditions, so as to protect the grass.
 

UP RESEARCH:

During a research project on the artificial insemination of rhinos knowledge was also gained on how to get sperm from rhino bulls and how to anesthesize rhinos which is a precondition for the treatment of these animals.
 

UP CONSERVATION:

Zoo Salzburg engages in a project on improving fertility of Southern white rhinoceros together with the zoos in Vienna and Berlin. This is to work towards preventing extinction of the species.

Effective drainage was achieved on the site by simply creating "dry river beds" of stone. These catch excess water, keeping the grass from becoming torn-up by animals' hoofs and preventing run-off from flowing into adjacent areas where it would cause erosion or spread animal waste.
 

UP LOCAL RESOURCES:

All construction material is from local sites.

over_t.jpg
55K83K
Overview
©Ammann AG, 2002

 
site_t.jpg
67K67K
Site Plan
©Ammann AG, 2002

 
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31K54K
Southern white rhinceros (1)
©Zoo Salzburg, 2000,

 
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35K + description62K
View from West (2)
©Fiby, 1993

 
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37K67K
View from East (3)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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34K64K
View from South (4)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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44K + description81K
Old and new building (5)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
5_t.jpg
43K + description74K
Green roof (6)
©Fiby, 1993

 
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75K + description98K
Poached Rhino (7)
©Carlyn Worstell, 2002

 
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50K + description75K
Visitor barrier (7)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
7_t.jpg
34K + description59K
First rhino stable (8)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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28K + description47K
Wooden casing (9)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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32K + description51K
Lemurs (10)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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41K + description72K
First rhino stable (11)
©Fiby, 1993

 
11_t.jpg
45K + description82K
Second rhino stable (12)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
12_t.jpg
44K79K
Second rhino house (13)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
13_t.jpg
38K + description63K
Gate between yard and exhibit (14)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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Yard (15)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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25K + description43K
Protected area (16)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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33K + description54K
Barriers easy to change (17)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
17_t.jpg
30K + description43K
Wall casing (18)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
18_t.jpg
28K46K
Water dish (19)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
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56K + description82K
Raised Water Dish (19)
©Worstell, 2002

 
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34K + description59K
Access and storage (20)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
20_t.jpg
35K53K
Access to the second rhino house (21)
©Ziegler, 2001

 
21_t.jpg
36K + description59K
Rhinoceros and Oryx (22)
©Zoo Salzburg, 2000

 
22_t.jpg
27K + description50K
Panorama (23)
©Zoo Salzburg, 2000

 

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