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null.gifLOCATIONKEY WORDSANIMALSAWARDSnull.gifDESCRIPTIONSIZECOSTSOPENING DATEnull.gifDESIGNCONSTRUCTIONLOCAL CONDITIONSPLANTSnull.gifFEATURES ANIMALSFEATURES KEEPERSFEATURES VISITORSINTERPRETATIONnull.gifRESEARCHMANAGEMENTCONSERVATIONLOCAL RESOURCESnull.gif
 
 
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Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo (FPZSP)

O Caminho da Serpente

Rachel Venturini, author for Sao Paulo Zoo
Jonas Homburg, Monika Fiby, editors for ZooLex
Published 2018-2-11

 

UP LOCATION:

Avenida Miguel Estéfano, 4241 - Vila Agua Funda, São Paulo – SP, Brazil , CEP 04301-905
Phone: 55-11-50730811
Fax: 50730851
URL: http://http://www.zoologico.com.br/


UP KEY WORDS:

Reptile; reptile exhibit; snake; Brazilian snake; viper snake; reptile conservation


UP ANIMALS:

Family:Species:Common Name:Capacity:
BoidaeBoa constrictorRed-tailed boa2
BoidaeBoa constrictor amaraliAmaral's boa2
BoidaeCorallus caninusEmerald tree boa2
BoidaeCorallus hortulanusAmazon tree boa2
BoidaeEpicrates cenchriasBrazilian rainbow boa2
BoidaeEpicrates crassusParaguayan rainbow boa2
ColubridaeSpilotes pullatusChicken Snake3
DipsadidaePhilodryas olfersiiLichtenstein's green racer3
DipsadidaePhilodryas patagoniensisPatagonia Green Racer1
DipsadidaeTropidodryas striaticepsJiboinha3
DipsadidaeXenodon merremiiWagler's Snake1
PythonidaeMorelia nautaTanimbar Python1
PythonidaePython bivittatusBurmese Python2
PythonidaePython regiusBall Python2
ViperidaeBothrops alternatusUrutu2
ViperidaeBothrops insularisGolden Lancehead6
ViperidaeBothrops jararacaJararaca2
ViperidaeBothrops jararacussuJararacuçu3
ViperidaeCrotalus durissusRattlesnake4


UP DESCRIPTION:

The previous snake exhibits were pretty old and inappropriate. They did not provide enough space for the animals and also did not reflect the message we would like to pass to the visitors in order to reverse the negative perception and tales about this group of animals.

So, we started seeking a new place that could offer all the requirements and chose a disabled building that was used to exhibit birds in the past. The structure was still in very good condition and could attend the needs of snakes in terms of space and characteristics for the exhibition. Only a few adjustments were necessary, such as changing the location of the keeper access from under the building to its side, the creation of another four terrariums and the construction of an indoor holding area. Along with these changes, the project was developed focusing on the representation of the natural habitats of the animals, as well as to offer stimulating experiences for the visitors.

The main goals of the exhibit are to sensitize the visitors about the ecological importance of snakes, present the diversity of the group and differences among species, focus on Brazilian native species. There is also an intention to make a connection between the animals and the environment in which they occur and to show how they use their microhabitats.

The development of this project has involved several areas and departments in our institution. Its result has been an innovation in terms of exhibition for São Paulo Zoo.
 

UP SIZE:

In total, “O Caminho da Serpente” has 306m². Originally the building had 198 m², to which 108 m² of animal holding area and landscaping were added . Animal exhibit spaces have a total of 54m², distributed on 19 terrariums: 12 of them with 1.86m² and the other 6 with 3.8m². All of them with a height of 2.4m. Off-exhibit holding areas: 110m² Visitor zone: 102m²

Space allocation in square meters:

useindoorsoutdoors     total exhibit    
accessible     total     accessible     total    
animals4554
visitors99102
others110150
total2543060306

 

UP COSTS:

BRL 300,000


 

UP OPENING DATE:

16 March 2012
 

UP DESIGN:

Beginning: June 2008

  • Design and exhibit development: Cybele Lisboa; Rita Polesi; Rodrigo Pinho Lopez, São Paulo Zoo staff
  • Animal holding spaces and life support systems projects: Cybele Lisboa, São Paulo Zoo –Biology Division staff
  • Structural engineer: Rita Polesi, São Paulo Zoo –Engineering Division staff
  • Interpretative program: Fátima Roberti; Kátia Rancura, São Paulo Zoo –Educational Division Staff
  • Interpretative program: Maurício Candido da Silva, Museu de Anatomia Veterinária – Universidade de São Paulo
  • Visitor area and Graphics design: Danilo Leite, Fuse Design

UP CONSTRUCTION:

Beginning: December 2010

  • Construction: Construtora Mollinari Ltda: Daniela Rosa Mollinari, São Paulo, SP - Brazil
  • Habitat fabrication: Rachel Venturini; Cybele Lisboa; Danianderson Rodrigues, São Paulo Zoo staff
  • Graphics fabrication: Magnatec Manutenção de Equipamentos LTDA., São Paulo, Brazil
  • Graphics fabrication: Insign, São Paulo, Brazil

UP LOCAL CONDITIONS:

walter.jpg This is a climatic diagram for the closest weather station.

760 m altitude
192.0 °C mean annual temperature

 

UP PLANTS:

All the vegetation in the animal areas is artificial; there is no landscaping in the visitor area. The decision to use artificial plants was based on previous experience with the difficulty of maintaining real plants in closed terrariums. Several types of foliage, shrub and herbaceous plant types are used to reproduce both desert and forest environments.

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO ANIMALS:

Our priority was to produce a stimulating environment, to recreate spaces similar to the natural habitats of the animals and to promote the animal’s physical and psychological well-being, considering the biology of the species. Animal needs were considered including adequate space, temperature, air humidity, luminosity, water, as well as a variety of natural elements (substrate, branches and vines, rocks, burrows and others), landscaping, rockwork and the possibility of horizontal and vertical space exploration. The glass partially has acoustic insulation, ensuring a minimum of disturbance to the animals.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO KEEPERS:

The holding area allows access to all terrariums from their backside. The area is isolated by wire mesh to avoid escapes. For the security of the keepers, the access door to the terrarium is divided, with identification plates regarding the species, number of animals and dangerousness. There is information about medical aid on venomous snakes terrariums. In case of an accident, the keeper can push an alarm button.

There are a workbench for preparation of feeding and general/ veterinary animal management, furniture, equipment, stored materials and electrical and water access points for use by the keepers. There is a separate room for the maintenance of animals under treatment or quarantine.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO VISITORS:

The exhibit area is indoor, with a determined path in the form of a "U" and separate entrance and exit. The luminosity comes only from inside the terrariums and educational panels. The temperature is maintained by air conditioning. The place was made accessible to visitors with disabilities. Entry with food or drinks and use of flash is prohibited.
 

UP INTERPRETATION:

The educational proposal of the “O Caminho da Serpente” exhibition utilized the results of a research conducted by the environmental educators with the aim to understand the visitors’ perception of snakes, considering their knowledge, feelings and interests about this animal. From the data collected, the environmental educator had the possibility to create a meaningful educational proposal which involved the animals and their terrariums as the main aspects, and also the visual communication, including the identification panel, educational wall and an interactive and ‘hands-on’ table.

Identification panels present the main information about each species and a brief curiosity in a textual language. Other information such as feeding, longevity and conservation status were inserted in the panel with illustrations and pictures, in order to engage the visitors during the experience.

The educational wall and the interactive table contain the main theme that was identified in the research: knowledge about snakes’ adaptations. This theme was divided into three topics – anatomic adaptation, feeding and defense adaptation and sensorial adaptation. All these topics were organized in the educational wall considering different levels of complexity. For example, simple information was positioned on the lower part of the wall and the most complex at the top level. This strategy was used so that adults can assist children by creating a meaningful experience during the visit through the exhibition. The educational wall includes panels with different sizes and colors, texts, pictures, illustrations and biological material such as skeletons. The interactive and hands-on table was created to complement the educational wall; however, it includes more interactive elements as curiosities and legends that are beneath educative structures and snake sculptures.

A panel with viewers for visitors to experience the sensation of “seeing” like a snake (thermal perception) are fitted into the educational wall next to the interactive table. The interactive table and identification panels have some information in Braille language.
 

UP MANAGEMENT:

The general maintenance of the terrariums, such as cleaning and change of the water, is done weekly or more often when necessary. To safeguard the animals’ health and to control disease spreading, each terrarium is considered a separate enclosure, with separate materials per species, both restraint and cleaning equipment. A check-up is done twice a day for the general state and the number of specimens in the enclosures. When there is more than one individual per terrarium, they are separated into boxes and kept in the holding area for the feeding times.
 

UP RESEARCH:


 

UP CONSERVATION:

The Golden Lancehead (Bothrops insularis), a critically endangered Brazilian snake, is exhibited in one of the terrariums. This species is endemic to Queimada Grande Island, commonly know by Brazilians as Snake Island, an almost legendary place that usually causes fear in people, but in fact, they know little or nothing about the real situation of the species living there. The National Action Plan for this species points to the need to develop environmental education action related to its conservation. "Caminho da serpente" leads the public to learn about the Golden Lancehead and the importance of its conservation through visual communication and monitored visits.
 

UP LOCAL RESOURCES:

All of the contracted firms are local. In the same way, the animal collection came from partner institutions in São Paulo.

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308K + description461K
Overview
©FPZSP, 2006

 
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Site Plan
©Danilo Leite, 2010

 
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Chicken snake (1)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2016

 
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Abandoned building (2)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2008

 
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Site plan (3)
©FPZSP, 2010

 
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Section (4)
©FPZSP, 2010

 
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Building facade (5)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2015

 
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Exhibits on the left side (6)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2015

 
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Exhibits on the right side (7)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2015

 
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Chicken snake terrarium (8)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2013

 
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Burmese python terrarium (9)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2013

 
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Golden Lancehead terrarium (10)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2016

 
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Amaral's boa terrarium (11)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2013

 
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Jararacussu terrarium (12)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2013

 
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Rattlesnake terrarium (13)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2016

 
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Amazon tree boa terrarium (14)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2016

 
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Emerald tree boa terrarium (15)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2016

 
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Jararaca terrarium - educational message exhibit (16)
©Rachel Venturini, 2013

 
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Visitors view (17)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2012

 
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View from terrarium inside (18)
©Paulo Gil/ FPZSP, 2016

 
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Interpretative wall layout (19)
©Danilo Leite, 2010

 
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Interpretative wall (20)
©Marcelo Fernandez, 2013

 
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Animal identification signs (21)
©Danilo Leite, 2010

 
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Opening invitation (22)
©Danilo Leite, 2010

 
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Abandoned holding area, terrarium access (23)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2008

 
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New holding area, terrarium access (24)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2011

 
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New holding area (25)
©Cybele Lisboa, 2011

 

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