Zittauer Str. 43
, 02826 Görlitz
Fax: +49 3581 407401
Catching system, animal management
|Anatidae||Anser indicus||Bar-headed goose||3,3|
|Bovidae||Gazella subgutturosa||Goitered gazelle||1,6 + offspring|
The goitered gazelle exhibit uses an enclosure that formerly held roe deer and cranes and was integrated into the Tibetan themed area. The enclosure was divided into three parts. The largest exhibit is an open space at the edge of the forest with several rocks, logs and a pond filled from the creek that runs through the Tibetan village. The separation exhibits are located in the light forest in the rear and can be seen from another point on the zoo tour.
The boundary at the back of the exhibit is wire mesh fence. 2m high deadfall hedges were built behind the fence for visibility protection. Smooth dark wooden panels were placed along the lower fence section so that gazelles running along the fence do not hurt themselves. A 1,2m high fence made from branches and covered by a mesh with wide opening runs along the visitor side. While the gazelles could simply jump over this fence, they do not dare because the space on the other side is too narrow and the adjacent fence for the neighbouring mixed-species enclosure is too close.
The stable for the gazelles is constructed in Tibetan style from natural stones and with a wooden floor. It includes a communal stable for the animals and a catching system.
Keeping the gazelles together with the neighbouring cranes was not feasible because the birds turned out to be too aggressive. Therefore, the two enclosures are separated by an unobtrusive wire mesh fence that passes through the pond.
Space allocation in square meters:
|use||indoors||outdoors|| total exhibit |
|accessible|| total ||accessible|| total |
Planning and construction were entirely carried out by zoo staff. Costs include the construction of the stable and minor changes to the outdoor exhibit.
28 April 2013
- Planning: Naturschutz-Tierpark Görlitz
Beginning: April 2012
- Construction: Naturschutz-Tierpark Görlitz
| ||This is a climatic diagram for the closest weather station.|
215 m altitude
8.2 °C mean annual temperature
657 mm mean annual precipitation
No planting was done in the enclosure. The exhibit is shaded by several large oaks and elder shrubs that grow in the rear area of the exhibit and are not damaged by the gazelles. A planting bed of sea buckthorn is planned. The natural forest vegetation can develop in the separation exhibits as long as the gazelles do not use this area permanently.
FEATURES DEDICATED TO ANIMALS:
A stable with a porch and an open shelter in the outdoor enclosure are always accessible for the gazelles. Another wooden stable is located in the separation exhibit. This enclosure is used for integrating new arrivals and is screened on all sides with wooden planks and branches. Logs and rocks offer retreat areas to the animals for lying down. They have open views of their own and the neighbouring exhibits as well as the visitor areas from a hill in the exhibit. The gazelle feeding station consists of grass-block pavers surrounding an elevated asphalt pad in the middle of the exhibit. The solid surface helps to keep the forage clean. Drinking water is available from the stream, from the pond and from a bowl in the stable.
The retreat and feeding area for the bar-headed geese who co-inhabit the exhibit is separated from the main enclosure by branches that the gazelle do not pass.
FEATURES DEDICATED TO KEEPERS:
The keepers get into the enclosure through a door in the wooden fence next to the stable. The two separation enclosures can be reached through metal grid doors in the wire mesh fence. The goose-only area is accessible through a gate from the larger separation enclosure. The keepers enter the stable through a keeper room that also leads to the indoor space of the porcupines. The door has a circular opening for handling the latch from both sides.
A capture system that allows keepers to drive animals into two transport crates without direct contact is part of the stable (see diagram after the site plan). The system consists of two long rooms and a one-meter-high corridor from two transport crates placed behind each other. The first room (1) runs parallel to the long side of the back wall of the stable. The second room (2) runs parallel to the first and has smooth walls to prevent injuries when driving in the gazelles. Both rooms are connected by a vertical slide. On its narrow side, the second room leads into the two transport crates placed in line (3) through a second slide. The crates are carpeted so that the gazelles do not slip. The L-shaped catching room can be viewed through spyholes in the narrow front of the entrance room, but the gazelles cannot see the keepers. The front transport crate opens to the main room of the stable. As long as the installation is not used for catching it is a run-through so that the gazelles are accustomed to its use.
When animals need to be captured, the window at the visitor area is covered with a blanket and the sliding door to the outdoor enclosure is closed. The exit from the anterior transport crate to the stable is closed with a wooden board. After the gazelles are brought into the stable, the slide to the exterior area is also closed. The door to the L-shaped room is open while the door to the second room is closed. When a keeper enters the gazelle stable, the animals retreat to the backwall and into the first catching room (1). At the foremost point of the room they get through the slide into the second room (2). As soon as two gazelles are in the second room, the connecting slide is closed by a second keeper monitoring the movement from the entrance room. Now a keeper enters the door to the second room (2) and directs the gazelles into the two transport boxes (3) through the slide on the narrow side. If one gazelle is in each box, the corridor to the second room is closed by a wooden board and another board is placed between the two boxes.
In this manner, the gazelles can be loaded and easily transported. Because the crate size minimizes movement of the gazelle, the crate can also be used by veterinary staff for treatments by simply opening the top lid.
The second stable in the separation enclosure also has two parallel long rooms which serve as chutes. A transport box can also be installed here.
FEATURES DEDICATED TO VISITORS:
When coming from the porcupines, visitors can first look into the stable through a metal grid. A stone arch with a one-meter-high wooden gate through which the visitors reach the viewing area at the outdoor exhibit is attached to the building. The visitor area is slightly raised above the exhibit and curves into the area so the visitors can overlook the enclosure across a low wooden fence.
The path leads along the exhibit between two 1,30 meter high fences made of branches and mesh with wide openings. Here, visitors can get very close to the animals and see the exhibit from additional perspectives.
The exhibit is part of the Tibetan-themed area and styled accordingly. The signage provides information about the biological characteristics of the goitered gazelle, its way of life and particularly explains the function of the male's goiter for sound amplification during rutting calls.
Two extra enclosures and a second stable allow individuals to be separated from the group when necessary. New animals can be introduced in a quiet area positioned off the main visitor path. One of the two separation enclosures can also be used by the neighbouring sika deer.
The Tierpark Görlitz participates in the European Monitoring Program for the goitered gazelle which is considered as vulnerable in the wild.
|©Tierpark Görlitz, 2012|
|©Ingenieurbüro für Vermessung U. Diener, edited by Jonas Homburg, 2011/2016|
|Goitered gazelle (1)|
|©Catrin Hammer, Tierpark Görlitz, 2014|
|Male goitered gazelle (25)|
|©Catrin Hammer, Tierpark Görlitz, 2015|