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null.gifLOCATIONKEY WORDSANIMALSAWARDSnull.gifDESCRIPTIONSIZECOSTSOPENING DATEnull.gifDESIGNCONSTRUCTIONLOCAL CONDITIONSPLANTSnull.gifFEATURES ANIMALSFEATURES KEEPERSFEATURES VISITORSINTERPRETATIONnull.gifRESEARCHMANAGEMENTCONSERVATIONLOCAL RESOURCESnull.gif
 
 
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Great Plains Zoo and Delbridge Museum of Natural History

Snow Monkey Exhibit

Kylee Breems, Elizabeth Whealy (authors for Great Plains Zoo)
Jonas Homburg, Barbara Brem, Monika Fiby (editors for ZooLex)
Published 2017-8-6

 

UP LOCATION:

805 South Kiwanis Avenue, Sioux Falls, SD 57104, USA
Phone: +1-605-367-7003
URL: http://http://www.greatzoo.org/


UP KEY WORDS:

hot springs


UP ANIMALS:

Family:Species:Common Name:Capacity:
CercopithecidaeMacaca fuscataJapanese macaque22


UP AWARDS:

    2015 AZA Exhibit Award Top Honor


UP DESCRIPTION:

The snow monkey exhibit was designed to improve management and breeding of Japanese macaques by increasing the space for the animals and providing an improved visitor experience at the zoo entrance. The exhibit has both summer and winter viewing options, up-close animal viewing, and multiple educational opportunities.

It is part of the Great Plains Zoo’s “Monkeys, Magic and More” project, which added eye-catching appeal to the front of the zoo and replaced 50-year-old infrastructure that had outlived its usefulness. Key components of the project included a new greeting plaza for zoo guests, a summer pond for flamingo viewing, a new zoo entry for enhanced guest processing, and the snow monkey exhibit.

The exhibit provides visitors views into the exhibit as they walk through the parking lot. Once inside the main entrance, guests enjoy an open entrance plaza with a fountain featuring bronze snow monkeys. Colored concrete from the entrance gate and throughout the plaza adds atmosphere, with a 'river' of blue concrete leading to and around the fountain to simulate water movement.

The outdoor enclosure, located adjacent to the plaza, is fenced and covered by wire netting. It was designed so that the center of the exhibit is higher than the sides in order to elevate the monkeys above eye level. Rockwork was modeled after similar rock formations found in the macaques’ native habitats. Two water features are located in the exhibit.
 

UP SIZE:

The outdoor enclosure is 390 m². The holding building is a total of 135 m² including 56% of the area for the animals, 19% for the keepers, 12% for mechanical space, and 13% for staff storage and the restroom. The primary shelter is 6.4x4m (21 x 13") and the second shelter is 7x 3.7m (23x12"). The outdoor viewing space between the shelters is about 15m².

Space allocation in square meters:

useindoorsoutdoors     total exhibit    
accessible     total     accessible     total    
animals7575390390465
visitors5050151565
others606060
total185405590

 

UP COSTS:

$ 4,653,500 including 16 % for design.

Phase 1:

Design and Contract Admin $545,000

Construction $2,655,000

Interpretive Elements and Theming $16,000

Furnishings, Fixtures & Equipment $6,800

Phase 2:

Design and Contract Admin $200,000

Construction $1,011,000

Technology: New point of sale system, IT, AV, Education Center Tech $95,500

Furnishings, Fixtures & Equipment (Education Center, Kids' Clinic, Guest Services) $54,400

Fountain, art and sculpture $69,800
 

UP OPENING DATE:

29 June 2013
 

UP DESIGN:

Beginning: April 2011

  • Design Architect / Landscape Architect: CLR Design, Philadelphia, PA, USA

UP CONSTRUCTION:

Beginning: June 2012

  • General Contractor: Henry Carlson Company, Sioux Falls, SD, USA

UP LOCAL CONDITIONS:

walter.gif This is a climatic diagram for the closest weather station.

435 m altitude
7.6 °C mean annual temperature
620 mm mean annual precipitation

 

UP PLANTS:

Plant choices were made on climate hardiness as well as aesthetics.

The plant list specifies the Latin names of the plants used for this exhibit.


UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO ANIMALS:

The outdoor exhibit is designed so that the monkeys can use all levels and vertical space and sit at top vantage points to observe the visitors. Deadfall and live trees, as well as the mesh, provide climbing opportunities while the wide ledge in front of the visitor window provides an up-close experience. There are two pools, of which one is heated, filtered and operated throughout the year.

The macaques can swim and wash their food, similar to how they use hot springs in their natural habitat. Pools can be lowered or emptied when babies or naïve animals are introduced to the exhibit.

The holding building is equipped with various ramps, shelves and levels to accommodate the animals’ desire for vertical climbing. It has both large housing units as well as smaller rooms for housing animals in large and smaller social groups or as singletons, as necessary.

Building has separate HVAC for the animal holding area and the keeper area, including humidity control systems and protection from zoonotic disease transmission. Hardware used to operate animal doors within the building include crank actuators to lift doors remotely and an automatic safety lockout so animals are never harmed should a door be accidentally released. A closed loop system that can be padlocked ensures the animals cannot manipulate hardware to forcibly open containment doors.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO KEEPERS:

Separate heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems for the animal holding area and keeper area, including humidity control systems were installed to provide health, comfort and protection from zoonotic disease transmission. All utilities are located in a separate utility room with access from outside allowing maintenance and repair without external staff entering the zookeeper or animal areas.

The building has viewing windows from the keeper area into the animal areas.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO VISITORS:

The visitors can observe the macaques outside through the mesh while standing behind a handrail. Mounds and propping elevate the monkeys above eye level providing good sightlines.

Two covered viewing shelters, one enclosed and heated, with glass panels allow visitors to get close to the animals. The main shelter is 6.4m x 4m (21 feet x 13 feet) and the second viewing shelter is 7m x 3.7m (23 feet x 12 feet).
 

UP INTERPRETATION:

The interpretive program’s primary goal is to provide a foundation of knowledge about the natural history of the species while engaging adults and children on some of the social complexities of this monkey. Colorful signage about social hierarchy, communication, and natural history teaches visitors about snow monkeys. Patterns from kimonos and other Japanese textiles adorn the signs and exhibit soffits. A hands-on interactive toddler interpretive has also been developed.

Zookeeper Chats, docent-led Question & Answer sessions, and Discovery Carts engage visitors in activities and conversations about snow monkeys and the exhibit.
 

UP MANAGEMENT:

The holding building was designed with flexible spaces for moving animals between both on-exhibit and behind-the-scenes enclosures, as well as a system that would be conducive for both introducing aggressive animals and the day-to-day management of established groups. Animals can be shifted from one side of the building to opposite holding rooms and enable staff operations while the macaques are locked inside.

A squeeze wall and an isolation room inside the holding building are used for medical care. The pools utilize both UV lights and chlorine additives for optimal pool maintenance.

Keepers make time for individual operant conditioning training of the animals several times per week, either as part of their morning or afternoon routine. Macaques are brought into the holding building each night for safety and security of the animals.
 

UP RESEARCH:

The zoo carried out research on visitor perception of the exhibit and its educational takeaways.

The zoo has participated in SSP Herpes B virus prevention studies.
 

UP CONSERVATION:

The macaque groups at Great Plains Zoo participate in the US-American Species Survival Plan. Conservation information is woven into exhibit interpretives, including signage and Zookeeper Chats.

The outdoor heated shelter relies on a motion sensor for heat output.
 

UP LOCAL RESOURCES:

The exhibit includes dead fall trees that were saved from the original site.

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Overview
©Great Plains Zoo,

 
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Site Plan
©CLR Design, 2011

 
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Picture Views
©CLR Design, 2011

 
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Japanese Macaque / Snow Monkey (01)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Zoo entry (02)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Snow monkey fountain (03)
©Great Plains Zoo, 03

 
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Exhibit plan (04)
©CLR Design, 2012

 
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Initial view of exhibit (05)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Viewing shelter (06)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Viewing opportunity (07)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Enclosed viewing shelter (08)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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View inside the enclosed shelter (09)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Interpretive graphics (10)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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View of the exhibit from inside the enclosed viewing shelter (11)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Interpretive graphics (12)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Japanese Macaque / Snow Monkey (13)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Up-close encounters (14)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Exhibit water feature (15)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Japanese Macaque / Snow Monkey (16)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Animal night house (17)
©CLR Design, 2012

 
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Interior of animal holding building (18)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 
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Squeeze wall (19)
©Great Plains Zoo, 2014

 

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