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null.gifLOCATIONKEY WORDSANIMALSAWARDSnull.gifDESCRIPTIONSIZECOSTSOPENING DATEnull.gifDESIGNCONSTRUCTIONLOCAL CONDITIONSPLANTSnull.gifFEATURES ANIMALSFEATURES KEEPERSFEATURES VISITORSINTERPRETATIONnull.gifRESEARCHMANAGEMENTCONSERVATIONLOCAL RESOURCESnull.gif
 
 
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Zagreb Zoo

Lions Rock Kidepo

Corinne Bailey, Monika Fiby (authors for ZooLex)
Dijana Beneta (editor for Zagreb Zoo)
Published 2015-12-17

 

UP LOCATION:

Ustanova Zoološki vrt grada Zagreba , Maksimirski perivoj bb, Zagreb
Phone: 00385-1-2302 198
Fax: 00 385 1 2302 199
URL: http://www.zoo.hr


UP KEY WORDS:

kopje, savannah


UP ANIMALS:

Family:Species:Common Name:Capacity:
FelidaePanthera leoAfrican Lion1.3
HyracoideaProcavia capensisRock Hyrax6
SquamataBitis arietansPuff ader2
SquamataGerrhosaurus nigrolineatusBlack-lined Plated Lizard3
SquamataTrachylepis margaritiferaBlue-tailed Skink20
SquamataUromastyx aegyptiaEgyptian Mastigure2
TestudinidaeCentrochelys sulcataAfrican Spurred Tortoise4
TestudinidaeTestudo kleinmanniEgyptian tortoise2


UP DESCRIPTION:

This exhibit complex is part of a larger African savannah design within the zoo's masterplan. Kidepo is a national park in Uganda that served as inspiration for the design of the exhibit.

The lion facilities consist of an outdoor lion exhibit including the simulation of a dry riverbed, moat, pond and cave and a separation lion enclosure in the back, off the visitor view. Both lion enclosures are connected to a “kopje” designed building with the exhibit side being formed to look like a rocky lion’s den. The building includes an indoor exhibit and two separation enclosures for the lions, exhibits for hyrax and tortoise, as well as two terraria for small inhabitants of rock crevices. Keeper service and a visitor area with interpretation also form part of this building. Part of the roof of the building is visitor accessible by stairs.

Visitors approach the lion exhibit from the main zoo path choosing between two paths. These paths are leading between three pond sections that visually connect the visitor area with the lion exhibit on the left, and the savannah exhibit on the right. The ponds reaching into the animal exhibits are part of the barriers between animals and visitors. The barriers around the lion exhibit are mesh fence and artificial rockwork in the background, a water moat along the main path, and mesh and glass windows for the viewing areas of the kopje.

Visitors can see the lion exhibits from different levels and angles: through large glass panels from inside the building, from the path and from the roof, as well as through wire netting from the bridge and across a moat along the main path.
 

UP SIZE:

Space allocation in square meters:

useindoorsoutdoors     total exhibit    
accessible     total     accessible     total    
animals1101601,4461,606
visitors4646110110
others6823
total2741,7392,015

 

UP COSTS:

Euros 800,000


 

UP OPENING DATE:

14 June 2014
 

UP DESIGN:

Beginning: December 2008

  • Concept Design, Model: Dirk Petzold, ZooConsult, Germany
  • Landscape Design: Monika Fiby, Vienna, Austria
  • Landscape Graphic Design: Lindle Bukor, Vienna, Austria
  • Architectural Drawings, Construction Supervision: Studio Arhing, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Planting Consultant: Igor Poljak, Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Artificial rock work: Igor Lenard, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Landscape Design: Ivanka Mlinarić, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Input to design: Zagreb Zoo team, Zagreb, Croatia

UP CONSTRUCTION:

Beginning: May 2011

  • Artificial rock work: Igor Lenard, Zagreb, Croatia

UP LOCAL CONDITIONS:

walter.gif This is a climatic diagram for the closest weather station.

158 m altitude
11.3 °C mean annual temperature

 

UP PLANTS:

Planting in the lion exhibit was chosen to replicate the African lion habitat, in both the animal and visitor areas. The design concept is that of a rocky "kopje"-like outcrop in a light, yellowish sandstone appearance, sitting in a dry landscape. The rockwork resembling a "broken kopje" basically consists of two large rocks that are connected by an elevated area. Between the rocks are large pockets for plants growing on different levels.

The exhibit is planted with species representing the lion’s natural habitat. Trees, grasses and shrubs were chosen for this purpose, including those that reference a “wadi” or dry riverbed which is replicated in the enclosure. Grasses along the wadi are also planted along the visitor paths to create a sense of immersion for the visitors. Artificial rocks extend into the visitor area to reinforce the impression of a kopje. Planting of trees, shrubs and grasses which keep their leaves in winter allow natural shelter for the lions all year, whilst also maintaining the exhibit’s naturalistic look for visitors over the year.

The plant list specifies the Latin names of the plants used for this exhibit.


UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO ANIMALS:

This naturalistic enclosure allows the lions to perform natural behaviours such as climbing and resting in dens. Inside and outside, the lions have choices between hard and soft surfaces and resting places on different height levels.

A heated rock in the front part of the outdoor exhibit and in good view of the visitors is used by the lions as a resting place. The lions use the shrubs along the fences as shady hiding places and the den in the upper part of the building as a look-out.

Skylights ensure sufficient natural light for the animals in the indoor enclosure. Wall fittings such as hooks provide options to install different types of temporary enrichment for the lions in the indoor enclosure.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO KEEPERS:

The indoor exhibit is connected to two separation indoor holding areas for the lions, as well as a keeper service room for food preparation, storage and for shifting animals. The connection between the indoor enclosures is through a steel slide controlled animal passage. A crush cage is embedded in this animal passage, allowing keepers to fix animals for medical examination and treatment.

Self-locking slides are protected against being opened by the animals. To ensure high levels of security, all slides can be overlooked and operated from a central slide operation device in the keeper area, in which all levers are marked with numbers and colours. All animal areas (indoor and outdoor) can be directly overlooked from at least one secure place in the keeper area. The keepers have access to both the outdoor and indoor enclosures from their service area.
 

UP FEATURES DEDICATED TO VISITORS:

The exhibit is accessible from the main zoo path by two paths with bridges. The three pond sections visually connect the visitor area with the lion exhibit on one side, and the savannah exhibit on the other side. While the pond in the middle is in the visitors area, the two others are part of the exhibits and accessible for the animals.

The lion exhibit offers the visitor a diversity of lion experiences. From the lower level, the visitor can see the lions in their indoor enclosure that contains access hatches to outside. The upper level of the house offers a view into the back of the lion’s outdoor cave. Separated from the lions by large glass panels, the visitors get a close-up view of the lions resting and can feel close to the animals. The roof of the lion house is visitor accessible by stairs. It opens up a wider view of the outdoor enclosure and seating to the visitors. Wire netting next to the bridge enables the visitors to get close to the animals while also perceiving their smell and sound. A water moat along the main path provides free insight without glass or wire netting into the lion habitat. Skylights in the lion indoor exhibit allow natural light to fall on the animals, while visitors receive indirect light, which prevents glare and reflection on the viewing window.

The inclusion of small African animals to the exhibit complex enhances the experience of the African kopje habitat.
 

UP INTERPRETATION:

The informal part of interpretation of this exhibit is the design showing various aspects of a lion habitat. Apart from signage about the social structure, territoriality and distribution of the species, the exhibit offers interactive information about lion eyesight comparisons, skull depictions, and a lion skeleton. The floor surface of the visitor cave resembles dry clay and shows animal footprints, while the walls are painted with cave drawings, depicting lions.

The various small African animals in the exhibit complex are introduced with identification signs.

On busy days, zoo education staff are available around the exhibit to answer visitors questions and to provide information. A scheduled daily keeper’s talk informs visitors about the lions.
 

UP MANAGEMENT:

The lions can be separated from each other in the main exhibit and an outdoor holding enclosure in the back. Both enclosures are connected to separate indoor areas.

The use of a deep-litter mulch substrate in the indoor exhibit absorbs urine, smells, and sound, and is a economical tool in the management of this exhibit as it only needs to be changed every few years.
 

UP RESEARCH:


 

UP CONSERVATION:

The lion is a vulnerable species, threatened in the wild by indiscriminate killing (usually for livestock protection) and prey depletion. The lions at Zoo Zagreb are not part of a breeding programme for the species, however the interpretation of the exhibit educates visitors on the conservation threats faced not only by lions, but also by other African species.
 

UP LOCAL RESOURCES:

A local artist produced the artificial rocks in the exhibit.

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Overview
©Zoo Zagreb, 2014

 
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Site Plan
©Monika Fiby, 2011

 
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Picture Views
©Dirk Petzold, 2008

 
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Lion (1)
©Zoo Zagreb, 2015

 
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Visitor Access to Exhibit (2)
©Zoo Zagreb, 2014

 
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Path to the Simulated Kopje (3)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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View from Bridge (4)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Indoor Exhibit (5)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Natural Light Indoors (6)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Lion Scratching Trunk (7)
©Zoo Zagreb, 2015

 
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Lion Men Comparison (8)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Lion Wolf Comparison (9)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Lion Exhibit Signage (10)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Cave Drawings (11)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Indoor Lion Cave (12)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Indoor Reptile Terrarium (13)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Hyrax and Mousebird Indoor Exhibit (14)
©Monika Fiby, 2015

 
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View from the Roof of the Building (15)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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View of Lion Cave (16)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Tortoise Outdoor Exhibit (17)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Lion Exhibit Signage (18)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Outside Lion Exhibit (19)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Fence with Overhang (20)
©Monika Fiby, 2015

 
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Moat (21)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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View of Heated Rock (22)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Off-show Lion Enclosure (23)
©Monika Fiby, 2014

 
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Separation Enclosure (24)
©Monika Fiby, 2015

 
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Ground Floor of the Kopje Building (25)
©Zoo Zagreb, 2014

 

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You are visitor number 4476 to this exhibit presentation.


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