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This is a listing of references and websites that are helpful in learning about plant toxicity by Wendy Andrew, Zoo Horticulture Curator, Disney's Animal Kingdom, Orlando, Florida.

General References

Handbook of Natural Toxins Volume 1: Plant and Fungal Toxins. 1983. Richard F. Keeler and Anthony T. Tu, publisher Marcel Dekker, Inc.

The Dose Makes the Poison: a Plain-Language Guide to Toxicology. 1984. M. Alice Ottoboni, publisher Vincente Books.

The American Heritage Stedman’s Medical Dictionary. 1995. Houghton Mifflin Company.

Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: the Basic Science of Poison 5thedition. 2001. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Toxic Plant References

A Manual of Poisonous Plants. 1911 (reprinted in 1992). L. H. Pammel. Lubrecht and Cramer, Ltd.

Human Poisoning from Native and Cultivated Plants 2nd edition. 1974. James W. Hardin and Jay M. Arena, Duke University Press

A Field Guide to Poisonous Plants and Mushrooms of North America. 1984. Charles Kingsley Levy and Richard B. Primack, publisher E. P. Dutton, Inc.

Toxicity of Houseplants. 1990. David G. Spoerke, Jr. and Susan C. Smolinske, CRC Press.

Dermatologic Botany. 2000. Javier Avalos and Howard I. Maiback, CRC Press

Ethnobotany and/or Medicinal Plant References

Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America vol. 1 & 2. 1981. Julia F. Morton, publisher Charles C. Thomas, Inc.

Zulu Medicinal Plants. 1996. Anne Hutchings et. al., University of Natal Press

Ethnobotany Desk Reference. 1999. Timothy Johnson, CRC Press.

Handbook of Medicinal Herbs 2nd edition. 2002. James A. Duke et. al., CRC Press

Regional References

Plants Poisonous to People in Florida and Other Warm Areas. 1995. Julia F. Morton, Hallmark Press

Poisonous Plants of the Southeastern United States, SP57. 1996. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Toxic Plants of Texas. 2004. Charles R. Hart et. al., Texas Cooperative Extension

Useful Websites

These are in no particular order:

Canadian Poisonous Plant Information System

University of California, Davis

California Poison Control System

Cornell University, this site contains a searchable bibliographic database.

University of Illinois

Purdue University

This is an avian reference. It is difficult to find information specifically about toxicity in birds.

This is the United States FDA site.

Revised 2017-05-17
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