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Read About Design and Construction of Animal Exhibits:
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ADAMS G.D. (1988) Understanding and influencing word-of-mouth. Visitor Studies 1988. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

ALEXANDER Christopher. (1977) A Pattern Language. Oxford University Press. New York.

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ZOOLOGICAL PARKS AND AQUARIUMS (1990) Zoological Parks and Aquariums in the Americas, 1990 - 1991. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

AMERICAN TRAILS: Trail Design and Construction, Trail Maintenance and Management. Available on the internet by 2003.

ANDERSON D.E. (1985) What to tell the architect. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

ANONYMUS (1961): Dimensions of enclosures. Ditches at Detroit Zoo, USA. International Zoo Yearbook 2: 63-67.

ANTHONY, A. (1963): Criteria for acoustics in animal housing. Laboratory Animal Care 23: 340-350.

ARNOT, J., Embury, A. & R. Prendergast (1994): Pygmy Hippopotamus / Mandrill exhibit at Melbourne Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 33: 252-262.

AVENI A.F. (1989) What sociology has to offer visitor studies. Visitor Studies 1989: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

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BERLYNE D.E. (1960) Conflict arousal and curiosity. McGraw-Hill. New York.

BERLYNE D.E. (1971) Aesthetics and psycho-biology. Appleton-Century-Crofts. New York.

BEVINS R.A., BITGOOD S. (1989) Developing a device to assess attitudes towards snakes. Visitor Studies 1989: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BILGALKE, R. (1961): The use of moats in zoological gardens. International Zoo Yearbook 2: 62-67.

BIRNEY B.A. (1990) Using rotating guides to interpret immersion exhibits: A solution to public display problems in Brookfield Zoo's Tropic World. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1990) The impact of a six-week delay on visitors' retention of animal demonstration themes: Three Children's Zoo shows. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1990) A study of visitor behavior on interactive exhibits in Bird Discovery Point, Aquatic Bird House. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1990) The impact of Bird Discovery Point on visitors' knowledge of bird biology and behavior. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1990) Characteristics of Brookfield Zoo visitors: Five analyses of our audience. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1990) African Scenes: A survey of visitors' use of Brookfield Zoo's northwest quadrant during July 1989. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1988) Retention of rain forest conservation messages: Visitors' use of Brookfield Zoo's Tropic World brochure. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1988) A survey of visitors' attitudes towards conservation issues related to birds. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1988) Visitor use of and response to Discovery Center's orientation and TRAFFIC (U.S.A.) shows. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1988) Visitors' use of Bird Discovery Point's "Flying Walk" component: A follow-up study. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1988) Brookfield Zoo's "Flying Walk" exhibit. Formative evaluation aids in the development of an interactive exhibit in an informal learning setting. Environment and Behavior, vol. 20, no. 4. Sage Publications. Newbury Park, California.

BIRNEY B.A. (1988) Preliminary report on the impact of three types of text on visitors' appropriate use of the "Flying Walk", Bird Discovery Point. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1988) Criteria for successful museum and zoo visit: Children offer guidance. Curator

BIRNEY B.A. (1987) Formative evaluation of "Flying Walk" prototype I, Bird Discovery Point, Aquatic Bird House. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BIRNEY B.A. (1987) Formative evaluation of "Flying Walk" prototype II, Bird Discovery Point, Aquatic Bird House. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois. 31/4. American Museum of Natural History. New York.

BIRNEY B.A. (1986) A comparative study of children's perceptions and knowledge of wildlife and conservation as they relate to field trip experiences at the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History and the Los Angeles Zoo. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California. Los Angeles, California. Summary in AAZPA 1986 Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

BIRNEY B.A., HEINRICH C. (1991) The impact of Bird Discovery Point on visitors' attitudes toward bird conservation issues.

BIRNEY B.A., HEINRICH C. (1990) What zoos have to offer: Our visitors' perspective. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

BITGOOD S. (1988) An overview of the methodology of visitor studies. Visitor Behavior, vol. III, no. 3. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BITGOOD S. (1988) Problems in visitor orientation and circulation. Visitor Studies 1988: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BITGOOD S. (1987) Knowing when exhibit labels work: A standardized guide for evaluating and improving labels. Technical Reports, no. 86-70. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BITGOOD S. (1987) When is a zoo like a city? Visitor Behavior, vol. I, no. 4. Psychology Institute. Jacksonville State University. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BITGOOD S., BENEFIELD A. (1986) Visitor behavior: A comparison across zoos. Technical Reports, no. 86-20. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BITGOOD S., PATTERSON D. (1987) Principles of orientation and circulation. Visitors Behavior, vol. I, no. 4. Psychology Institute. Jacksonville State University. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BITGOOD Stephen, PATTERSON D. (1987) Principles of exhibit design. Visitor Behavior, vol. II, no. 1. Psychology Institute. Jacksonville State University. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BITGOOD S., PATTERSON D., BENEFIELD A. (1988) Exhibit design and visitor behavior: Empirical relationships. Environment and Behavior, vol. 20, no. 4. Sage Publications. Newbury Park, California.

BITGOOD S., PATTERSON D., BENEFIELD A. (1986) Understanding your visitors: 10 factors influencing visitor behavior. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

BITGOOD S., RICHARDSON K. (1986) Wayfinding at the Birmingham Zoo. Visitor Behavior, vol. I, no. 4. Psychology Institute. Jacksonville State University. Jacksonville, Alabama.

BLASER Werner (2002) Kurt Brägger, Zoo Basel 1953-88. Gartengestaltung - Landscape Design. Friedrich Reinhardt Verlag. Basel.

BOHMKE B., HEALY M. (1985) Mixed species walk through aviaries. Blessing or burden? AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

BOHMKE, B.W. (1995): Captive design for endangered birds. In: Gibbons, E.F., Jr., Durrant, B.S. & J. Demarest (eds.), Conservation of endangered species in captivity. Albany: State University of New York, 291-302.

BONESS, D.J. (1996): Water quality management in aquatic mammal exhibitions. In: Kleiman, D.G., Allen, M.E., Thompson, K.V. & S. Lumpkin (eds.), Wild mammals in captivity. Principles and techniques. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 231-242.

BOOTH Norman (1983) Basic Elements of Landscape Architectural Design. Elsevier, New York.

BORRONI A., Loy, A. & E. Capanna (1999): A flexible arrangement for the study of moles in captivity. Acta Theriologica 44 #2: 207-214.

BORUN M. (1989) Naive notions and the design of science museum exhibits. Visitor Studies 1989: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

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CALVERT J. (1990): The horticultural aspects of butterfly houses. International Zoo Yearbook 29: 18-22. London Zoological Society. London, Great Britain.

CAMPBELL S. (1984) A new zoo? Zoonooz 55 (9), 4-7.

CARLISLE R.W. (1985) What do school children do at a science center? Curator 28/1. American Museum of Natural History. New York

CLUM Nancy, SILVER Scott, THOMAS Pat (2005) Proceedings of the 7th International Conference On Environmental Enrichment. Wildlife Conservation Society. New York.

COBURN C. (1985) Exhibit philosophy and process. AAZPA Annual Conference Procedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

COE Jon C. Full reference list. Limited copies are available from the author.

COE Jon C. (2001) Chimpanzee Facility Design. in The Care and Management of Captive Chimpanzees. L. Brent, Ed.. American Society of Primatologists. San Antonio, Texas.

COE Jon C. (2001) Activity-Based Design and Management: New Opportunities for Apes and People. The Apes: Challenges for the 21 st Century. C. Sodaro, Ed. Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

COE Jon C. (2001) Multi-Species Exhibits. Encyclopedia of the World's Zoos. C. Bell, Ed. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. Chicago.

COE Jon C. (2001) Zoo Planning & Design. Encyclopedia of the World's Zoos, C. Bell, Ed. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. Chicago.

COE Jon C. (1999) An Integrated Approach to Design: How Zoo Staff Can Get the Best Results From New Facilities. First Annual Rhino Keeper Workshop. Disney's Wild Animal Kingdom. Orlando, Florida.

COE Jon C. (1999) Increasing Affiliative Behavior between Zoo Animals and Zoo Visitors. 1999 AZA Convention Proceedings. American Zoo and Aquarium Association. Silver Spring, MD.

COE Jon C., BEATTIE Ted (1998) Twenty-First Century Management Systems For Twenty-First Century Zoo Exhibits. 1998 AZA Convention Proceedings. American Zoo and Aquarium Association. Bethesda, MD.

COE Jon C. (1997) Entertaining Zoo Visitors and Zoo Animals: An Integrated Approach. AZA 1997 Convention Proceedings. American Zoo and Aquarium Association. Bethesda, MD.

COE Jon C. (1996) Future Fusion: The Twenty-First Century Zoo. Keepers of the Kingdom. M. Nichols, Thomasson-Grant & Lickle. Charlottesville, VA.

COE Jon C. (1996) What's the Message? Education Through Exhibit Design. Wild Mammals in Captivity Principles and Techniques: Chapter 16. D. Kleinman, M. Allen, K. Thompson, S. Lumpkin, H. Harris, Eds. University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois.

COE Jon C. (1995) Zoo Animal Rotation: New Opportunities from Home Range to Habitat Theater. AZA Annual Proceedings 1995. Wheeling, WV.

COE Jon C., LINDBURG D. G. (1995) Ark Design Update: Primate Needs and Requirements. Conservation of Endangered Species in Captivity, An Interdisciplinary Approach: 445-57. Gibbons, E. F., Durrant, B. S., Demarest, J., Eds. State University of New York Press.

COE Jon C. (1995) The Evolution of Zoo Animal Exhibits. The Ark Evolving, Zoos and Aquariums in Transition: 95-128. Wimmer C.M. Editor. Smithsonian Institution Conservation and Research Center. Front Royal, Virginia.

COE Jon C. (1994) Landscape Immersion ? Origins and Concepts. Landscape Immersion Exhibits: How Are They Proving as Educational Settings? 1994 AZA Convention Proceedings. American Zoo and Aquarium Association. Bethesda, MD.

COE Jon C. (1994) Orangutan Housing and Exhibition: Recent Trends. Proceedings of The International Conference on Orangutans: The Neglected Ape. J. Ogden, L. Perkins, L. Sheeran, Eds. California State University. Fullerton, CA.

COE Jon C. (1992) Advances in Facility Design for Great Apes in Zoological Gardens. Chimpanzee Conservation and Public Health. J. Erwin, John C. Landon, eds. Diagnon Corporation/Bioqual, Inc. Rockville, Maryland.

COE Jon C. (1992) Animal Training and Facility Design ? A Collaborative Approach. 1992 AAZPA National Convention, Toronto. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums, Bethesda, MD.

COE Jon C. (1991) An Integrated Process for Exhibit Design. Journal of Museum Education.

COE Jon C. (1990) Exhibits: Aesthetic and educational considerations. Wild mammals in captivity, vol. 1. Kleinmann D., Ed. Smithsonian.

COE Jon C. (1989) Naturalizing Habitats For Captive Primates. Zoo Biology Supplement 1:117-125. Alan R. Liss, Inc. New York.

COE Jon C. (1988) How Should We Manage the New Exhibit Technology? "Soft" technology. AAZPA 1988 Annual Conference Proceedings: 51-58. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

COE Jon C., MAPLE Terry L. (1987) In Search of Eden - A Brief History of Great Ape Exhibits. AAZPA 1987 Annual Conference Proceedings: 628-638. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

COE Jon C. (1986) The African Savanna Exhibit at Woodland Park Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 24/25: 332-339. London Zoological Society. London, Great Britain.

COE Jon C. (1986) Towards a Co-evolution of Zoos, Aquariums and Natural History Museums. AAZPA 1986 Annual Conference Proceedings: 366-376. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

COE Jon C. (1985) Design and Perception: Making the Zoo Experience Real. Zoo Biology, 4: 197-208. Alan R. Liss, Inc. New York.

COE Jon C., MAPLE Terry L. (1984) Approaching Eden - A Behavioral Basis for Great Ape Exhibits. AAZPA 1984 Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

COE Jon C. (1984) Pittsburgh's New Zoo: A Wilderness Walk. Place, The Magazine of Livability, vol. 4, no. 4.

COE Jon C. (1983) A Greensward for Gorillas. AAZPA 1983 Annual Conference Proceedings: 117-121. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

COE Jon C. (1982) Bringing It All Together: Integration of Context, Content, and Message in Zoo Exhibit Design. AAZPA 1982 Annual Conference Proceedings: 268-274. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

COE Jon C. (1980) The Waterfowl Exhibit at Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle. in International Zoo Yearbook, 20: 282-286. London Zoological Society. London, Great Britain.

CONROY P. (1988) Cheap thrills and quality learning. Visitor Studies 1988: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

CONWAY W.G. (1966) A new exhibit for water-birds at the New York Zoological Park. International Zoo Yearbook 6: 131-134. London Zoological Society. London, Great Britain.

COWAN, K. (1998): Enclosure design and management for an all-male group of Sulawesi crested black macaques Macaca nigra. Dodo 34: 31-42.

CRANDALL, L.S. (1964): Management of wild animals in captivity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

CROCKETT C. (1977) Methods of observational research in the zoo setting. Applied Behavioral Research. Pika Press. Seattle, Washington.

CROKE V. (1997) The modern Ark. the Story of Zoos. Scribner. New York.

CURTIS L. (1968) Zoological Park Fundamentals. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. National Recreation and Park Association. Washington, D.C.

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DANA TOON, W. (1990): Butterfly exhibitry. International Zoo Yearbook 29: 61-65. London Zoological Society. London, Great Britain.

DATHE H. (1965): The Alfred-Brehm-House at East Berlin Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 5: 230-232. London Zoological Society. London, Great Britain.

DATHE H. (1966): Schwimmende Inseln für Wasserbecken in Tiergärten. Der Zoologische Garten (N.F.) 33: 106-109.

DAVIS, J.A. (1962): Exhibition of nocturnal mammals by red light. International Zoo Yearbook 3: 9-11.

DAVIDSON, R. & J.-J. Lincourt (1990): Designing the Montreal Biodome: tropical and boreal forest exhibits. International Zoo Yearbook 29: 39-41. London Zoological Society. London, Great Britain.

DAVISON M. (1989) Information from museum security personnel. Visitor Studies 1989: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

DEAN C., MARTIN J., NOON K., NUESA B., O'REILLY J. (1981) A zoo for who: A pilot study in zoo design for children. Technical Reports, no. 87-10. Psychology Institute. Jacksonville State University. Jacksonville, Alabama.

DELACOUR, J. (1961): Cage and aviary design. Avicultural Magazine 67 #3: 107.

DELPY, K.-H. (1973): Volieren für Garten, Hof und Innenraum. Planung, Bau, Einrichtung. Lehrmeister-Bücherei #1074. Minden: Albrecht Philler.

DERWIN C.W., PIPER J.B. (1988) The African Rock Kopje exhibit. Evaluation and interpretive elements. Environment and Behavior, vol. 20, no. 4. Sage Publications. Newbury Park, California.

DIAMOND J. (1986) The behavior of familiy groups in science museums. Curator 29/2. American Museum of Natural History. New York.

DITTRICH, L. (1977): Das Verhalten von Ungulaten an Gehegegräben. Der Zoologische Garten (N.F.) 47 #1: 45-53.

DOLLINGER, P. (1971): Tod durch Verhalten bei Zootieren. Dissertation, Veterinär-Medizinische Fakultät, Universität Zürich. Zürich: Juris Druck + Verlag. (Chapter of special interest to zoo designers 5.2.2.1: Physikalische Faktoren, pp. 53-65. Licht, Schall, Wärme, Feuer, Luft, Wasser, Eis, Boden, Requisiten und Raumbegrenzung werden hier besprochen.)

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EAGLEMAN Joe R. (1976) The visualization of Climate. Lexington Books. Lexington, Massachusetts. (Climatic diagrams from all over the world.)

EHRLINGER D. (1990) The Hagenbeck legacy. International Zoo Yearbook 29: 6-10.

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FALK J.H. (1983) The use of time as a measure of visitor behavior and exhibit effectiveness. Museum Education Anthology. Museum Education Roundtable. American Association of Museums. Washington, D.C.

FALK J.H., KORAN J.J., DIERKING L.D., DREBLOW L. (1985) Predicting visitor behavior. Curator 28/4. American Museum of Natural History. New York.

FEHER E., RICE K. (1985) Development of scientific concepts through the use of interactive exhibits in a museum. Curator 28/1. American Museum of Natural History. New York.

FINLAY T., LAWRENCE R.J., MAPLE T.L. (1988) People's perceptions of animals: The influence of zoo environment. Environment and Behavior, vol. 20, no. 4. Sage Publications. Newbury Park, California.

FINLAY T., MAPLE T.L. (1986) A survey of research in American zoos and aquariums. Zoo Biology, vol. 5, no.3: 261-268.

FINLAY T., WOEHR D.J., MAPLE T.L. (1984) Evaluation techniques in zoo environments: Visitor attitudes and animal behavior. Paper presented at Southeastern Psychological Association Conference.

FISHER James (1967) Zoos of the world. The Story of Animals in Captivity. Natural History Press. Garden City, New York.

FLEISHER ZUCKER B. (1986) Fifty years of American children's zoo. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

FOOSE T.J. (1986) Species Survival Plan - Today and tomorrow; North America and the world. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

FORTHMAN QUICK, D.L. (1984): An integrative approach to environmental engineering in zoos. Zoo Biology 3: 65-77.

FORTHMAN, D.L., McManamon, R., Levi, U.A. & G.Y. Bruner (1995): Interdisciplinary issues in the design of mammal exhibits. In: Gibbons, E.F., Jr., Durrant, B.S. & J. Demarest (eds.), Conservation of endangered species in captivity. Albany: State University of New York, 377-399.

FOSTER J.S., KORAN J.J., KORAN M.L., STARK S., BLACKWOOD A., LANDERS H. (1988) The effect of multispecies exhibits on visitor attention at the Jacksonville Zoological Park. Visitor Studies 1988: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

FREEMAN H. (1985) Conservation education: What's new? AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

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GRABURN N. (1984) The museum and the visitor experience. Museum Education Anthology. Museum Education Roundtable. American Association of Museums. Washington, D.C.

GRIBL J. (1994): Das grüne Gehege. Gartenkunst und Zoologische Gärten. Museumsjournal [Museumspädagogischer Dienst Berlin] 8 #3: 9-13.

GRIGGS S. (1983) Orienting visitors within a thematic display. International Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship, 2: 119-134.

GROTH H.W. (1951): Coping with vandalism through area and facility planning. Parks and Recreation 34: 8-10.

GRZIMEK B. (1962): Die neuen Affenanlagen / Eine neue Lösung des Rückwandproblems / Neue Affenklappen - die Lösung eines alten Problems. 104. Jahresbericht des Zoologischen Gartens der Stadt Frankfurt am Main für 1962: 10-14.

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HAGE S.R. (1990) An analysis of the verbal and postural communications of family visitors at the zoo. Summary of master's thesis at the University of Minnesota. Visitor Behavior, vol. V, no. 1. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

HAGENBECK C. (1909): Beasts and men. London: Longmans, Green & Co.

HAGENBECK L. (1956) Animals Are My Life. Garden City Press, Ltd. Letchworth, Hertfordshire.

HALPERN Robert. (1995) It's More than Luck. AZH Newsletter. Vol. 29/4: 6-7. Association of Zoological Horticulture. Cincinnati, Ohio.

HANCOCKS David (2001): A Different Nature. The Paradoxical World of Zoos and Their Uncertain Future. The University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21879-5

HANCOCKS David (1968): Zoological gardens. Thesis, Bachelor of Architecture, University of Bath.

HANCOCKS David (1971): Animals and Architecture. New York: Praeger.

HANCOCKS David (1997) Life in a Fishbowl. Paws News. Seattle.

HANCOCKS David (1997) Gardens of Ecology. in Keepers of the Kingdom. Thomasson-Grant and Lickle. New York.

HANCOCKS David (1996): The design and use of moats and barriers. In: Kleiman D.G., Allen M.E., Thompson K.V. & S. Lumpkin (eds.), Wild mammals in captivity. Principles and techniques. The University of Chicago Press, 191-203. Chicago.

HANCOCKS David (1982) Naturalistic Solutions to Zoo Design Problems. Zoo Design III Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Zoo Design and Construction. May 1980, published 1982. Paignton.

HANCOCKS David (1980) Bringing Nature into the Zoo: Inexpensive Solutions for Zoo Environments. International journal for the Study fo Animal Problems. Vol. 1 (3): 170-177.

HANCOCKS David (1980) Naturalistic Solutions to Zoo Design Problems. International Symposium on Zoo Design. Paignton.

HANCOCKS David (1979) On Using Natural Artifacts in Zoo Exhibits. International Zoo News, No. 161. London.

HANCOCKS David (1979) Design for Behavior. The American Association of Zoo Keepers' Regional Conference. Louisville.

HANCOCKS David (1978) Naturalistic Solutions to Behavioral Problems of Animals in Captivity. co-authored with Drs. Michael Hutchins and Carolyn Crockett. 55th Convention of the AAZPA. Denver.

HANCOCKS David (1977)  co-authored with Dr. Michael Hutchins, International Zoo News, Nos. 155, 156, and 157. London.

HARRISON Bernard (1998) The living animal and its exhibit as interpretor: Exhibition Techniques in Modern Zoos. Presentation for Indian Zoo Directors Meeting, Veermata Jijibhai Bhosale Udyan Mumbai. ZOOS' PRINT Vol XIV, No. 1, January 1998. India.

HASLINGER Ulrike (1995) Pflanzen im Zoo. Thesis. University of Agricultural Sciences. Vienna, Austria.

HAYWARD G., BRYDON-MILLER M. (1984) Spatial and conceptual aspects of orientation: visitor experiences at an outdoor history museum. Journal of Environmental Systems, 13(4): 317-332.

HEDIGER Heini (1970) The Development of the Presentation and the Viewing of Animals in Zoological Gardens. In: Development and Evolution of Behavior: 519-528 Aronson, Lester R. Tobach, Ethel/Lehrman, Daniel S./Rosenblatt, Jay S. (Eds.) W.H. Freeman and Company. San Francisco.

HEDIGER Heini (1970) Man and Animal in the Zoo. Zoo Biology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

HEDIGER Heini (1950) Wild Animals in Captivity. Butterworth. London.

HEINRICH D., BIRNEY B.A. (1991) Visitors' use of and traffic patterns in the Seven Seas underwater viewing area. Report to the Chicago Zoological Society. Brookfield, Illinois.

HERKNER W. (1983) Einführung in die Sozialpsychologie. Verlag Hans Huber. Bern, Switzerland.

HERZOG T., SMITH G.A. (1988) Danger, mystery, and environmental preference. Environment and Behavior, vol. 20, no. 3. Sage Publications. Newbury Park, California.

HEUSS, G. (1996): Bauen im Zoo. Voraussetzungen und Möglichkeiten. Ganslosser, U. (ed.). Kurs Tiergartenbiologie: 43-54.Filander. Fürth.

HILKE D.D. (1988) Strategies for family learning in museums. Visitor Studies 1988: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

HILKER C. (1985) Exotic cats as teachers: A bold approach to attitude change. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

HOGAN H.W. (1980) Factors associated with the attribution of human traits to nonhumans. The Journal of Social Psychology.

HOLZ, John C. (2000): Controlling Pond Algae with Barley Straw. School of Natural Resource Sciences, Lake Water Quality Extension Program, University of Nebraska. Lincoln, Nebraska.

HONEGGER, R. (1997): Ansichten - Einsichten. Gedanken zur Gestaltung von Großterrarien für Großechsen und Riesenschlangen. Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoo 40 #2: 71-75.

HONEGGER, R. (1999): Herstellung von künstlichen Ästen zur Verwendung als Epiphytenäste. Der Zoologische Garten (N.F.) 69 #2: 133-136.

HOOFF, J.A.R.A.M. van (1973): The Arnhem Zoo chimpanzee consortium: an attempt to create an ecologically and socially acceptable habitat. International Zoo Yearbook 13: 195-203, 197.

HUFF, T.A. (1979): A new captive propagation centre for the Reptile Breeding Foundation. International Zoo Yearbook 19: 267-269.

HUTCHINS M., HANCOCKS D., CROCKETT C. (1984) Natural solutions to the behavioral problems of captive animals. Der Zoologische Garten, no. 54. Gustav Fischer Verlag. Jena, Germany.

HYSON, J. (2000): Jungles of Eden: The Design of American Zoos. Environmentalism in Landscape Architecture, p. 23-44. Ed. Michel Conan. Dumbarton Oaks. Washington, D.C.

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INFORMAL SCIENCE: informal science learning standards and practices, evaluation resources, available on the internet by 2006.

INGLEFIELD-HATCHER S. (2000) Bird Compatibility in Mixed Species Free-flight Aviaries: A Study of Species Aggression in North American Zoos. Paper presented at the 2000 AZA Annual Conference. Orlando, Florida. (Please contact the author for a free copy.)

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JACKSON D.W. (1990): Landscaping in hostile environments. International Zoo Yearbook 29: 10-15.

JACKSON D.W. (1996): Horticultural philosophies in zoo exhibit design. In: Kleiman D.G., Allen, M.E. Thompson, K.V. & S. Lumpkin (eds.), Wild mammals in captivity. Principles and techniques. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 175-179.

JACKSON D.M., Ogden J.J., MAPLE T.L. (1989) Making visual contact at the gorilla interpretive center: A study of visitor traffic flow and gorilla visibility. Visitor Studies 1989: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

JAVLEKAR V.D. (1989) Learning scientific concepts in science centers. Visitor Studies 1989: Theory, Research and Practice. Center for Social Design. Jacksonville, Alabama.

JENKINS D.M. (1985) A survey of interactive technologies. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

JOHANN A. (1991): Großvolieren und Tropenhallen - einige Bemerkungen über begehbare Volieren. Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoo 34 #3: 105-115.

JONES W. (1986) Exhibit planning, development, and implementation procedures. Technical Reports, no. 87-60. Psychology Institute. Jacksonville State University. Jacksonville, Alabama.

JONES G.R., COE J.C., PAULSON D.R. (1976) Long range plan for Woodland Park Zoo. Department of Parks and Recreation. Seattle, Washington. See Woodland Park Zoo

JORDAN, B. & D. SCHWARZE (1990): Designing a zoo for children. International Zoo Yearbook 29: 15-18.

JOSLIN P., GRUNAUER S., NAPOLITANO G., NICHOLS M., SARRIS A., STEADMAN A., URBANICK R. (1986) A demographic profile of the zoo visitor. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Wheeling, West Virginia.

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KAPLAN, R. and S. (1989) The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective. Cambridge UP. New York.

KAPLAN S., KAPLAN R. (1982) Humanscape. University of Michigan. Ulrich's Books, Inc. Michigan.

KARSTEN P. (1983): Displaying natural rearing of beaver (Castor canadensis). Der Zoologische Garten (N.F.) 53 #6: 404-408.

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